Many of the major construction projects, including the White-Baltic Sea Canal and the Moscow Metro, were built largely by forced labour.  The last elements of workers` control over the industry have been removed, with operations managers increasing their authority and enjoying privileges and benefits;  Stalin defended wage differences by referring to Marx`s argument that it was necessary in the lower stages of socialism.  In order to encourage the intensification of work, a number of medals and awards as well as the stachanowite movement were introduced.  Stalin`s message was that socialism was established in the USSR, while capitalism was crumbling in the midst of the Wall Street crash.  His speeches and articles reflected his utopian vision that the Soviet Union rises to unparalleled heights of human development and creates a “new Soviet person.”  … In order to improve trade relations with Sweden, Poland, England and other Western countries, he concluded an eternal peace treaty and an alliance with Poland (1686), in which the Poles recognized Kiev and the entire territory east of the Dnieper as Russian possession and Russia declared itself ready to join Poland and its allies. ,… In November 1905, the Georgian Bolsheviks elected Stalin as a delegate at a Bolshevik conference in St. Petersburg. Upon his arrival, he met Lenin`s wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, who told him that the place had been moved to Tampere, in the Grand Duchy of Finland.
 At the conference, Stalin met Lenin for the first time.  Stalin, while holding Lenin with deep respect, objected to Lenin`s view that the Bolsheviks should run candidates in the upcoming State Duma elections. Stalin saw the parliamentary process as a waste of time.  In April 1906, Stalin attended the fourth RSDLP congress in Stockholm. it was his first trip outside the Russian Empire.  At the conference, the RSDLP – then led by its Menshevik majority – agreed that it would not find means of armed robbery.  Lenin and Stalin disagreed with this decision and then discussed privately how they could continue the flights for the Bolshevik cause.  Stalin was very interested in the arts and admired artistic talent.  He protected several Soviet writers, such as Mikhail Bulgakov, even though their work was described as harmful to his regime.  He enjoyed music, with about 2,700 records and frequently attended the Bolshoi Theatre in the 1930s and 1940s.  His musical and theatrical taste was conservative and favoured classical drama, opera and ballet over what he dismissed as an experimental “formalism.  He also preferred classical forms in the visual arts, disapproving of avant-garde styles such as Cubism and Futurism.
 He was a fearless reader with a library of more than 20,000 books.  Little of this was fiction, although he could quote by heart passages by Alexander Pushkin, Nikolai Nekrasov and Walt Whitman.  He preferred historical studies and followed the debates on Russian, Mesopotamine, Ancient Roman and Byzantine history.  As a self-taught man, he claimed to read up to 500 pages a day, where Montefiore called him an intellectual.  Stalin also liked to see films late at night in the cinemas of the Kremlin and its dachas.  He preferred the Western genre; His favorite film in 1938 was the image of the Volga Volga.  What prompted Germany to sign a non-aggression agreement with the Soviet Union? Stalin joined a banned book club at school;  He was particularly inspired by Nikolai Chernychevsky`s pro-revolutionary novel What Is To Be Done? 1863.  Another influential text was The Patricide of Alexander Kazbeli, a Stalinist who took the nickname “Koba” from that of the bandit protagonist of the book.  He also read Capital, the book of German sociology theory Karl Marx, published in 1867.
 Stalin devoted himself to Marx`s socio-political theory, Marxism, which was then on the rise in Georgia, one of the various forms of socialism that opposed the tsarist authorities to the